Articles from Digital Scholarship in the Humanities (formerly LLC)

A method for content analysis applied to newspaper coverage of Japanese personalities in Brazil and Portugal

AbstractThis article reports a study that compared how Portuguese and Brazilian newspapers covered Japan in the 90s. The research was based on 9,152 texts related to Japan published in a Portuguese and a Brazilian newspaper from that era. This is a much larger sample than what was used in existing text content analysis studies for Portuguese. To treat this large sample, selected concordances and distributions obtained from the corpora were semi-automatically analyzed. Results revealed that the most referred Japanese personalities were politicians.

CorpusTracer: A CIDOC database for tracing knowledge networks

AbstractIn our research, we study mechanisms of knowledge dissemination based on the structural and social networks surrounding the edition history of a single text: the Tractatus de sphaera by Johannes de Sacrobosco. By applying methods from network analysis, we investigate how specific commentaries on the text circulated, which actors were responsible for them and what factors supported or hindered the spread of specific kinds of knowledge.

Distributed language representation for authorship attribution

AbstractDistributed language representation (deep learning) has been applied successfully in different applications in natural language processing. Using this model, we propose and implement two new authorship attribution classifiers. In this perspective, a vector-space representation can be generated for each author or disputed text according to words and their nearby context. To determine the authorship of a disputed text, the cosine similarity between vector representations can be applied.

Smoke and mirrors: Tracing ambiguity in texts

Abstract‘The corruption of man is followed by the corruption of language’ (Emerson, Nature and Selected Essays. Ziff, L. (ed.). London: Penguin Classics, 2003, p. 51). Corruption of language is our target. Sounding ambiguity in crisis writings versus fictions, we use tools that signal shades of meaning that allow for alternative reading. From Empson (Seven Types of Ambiguity.

Knowledge creation through recommender systems

AbstractThe way materials are archived and organized shapes knowledge production (Derrida, J. Archive Fever: A Freudian Impression. Vancouver: University of Chicago Press, 1996; Foucault, M. L’archéologie du savoir. Paris, France: Éditions Gallimard, 1969; Kramer, M. Going meta on metadata. Journal of Digital Humanities, 3(2), 2014; Hart, T. How do you archive the sky? Archive Journal, 5, 2015; Taylor, D. Save As. e-misférica, 9, 2012).

Introduction

What the theory of the Digital Humanities is, what defines them is an open question; their practice is much easier to describe. Few people, if any, when asked to describe that practice, will avoid to point to the annual conference on Digital Humanities organized by the Alliance of Digital Humanities Organizations (ADHO). If the program of a conference dedicated to the Digital Humanities and drawing an audience of over 900 does not describe its field, what would?

First We Feel Then We Fall : James Joyce’s Finnegans Wake as an interactive video application

AbstractThe article describes First We Feel Then We Fall, a multichannel, interactive video application, which is a multimedia adaptation of James Joyce’s Finnegans Wake. It offers the viewers a portmanteau-like audiovisual experience resembling the experience of reading Joyce’s enigmatic, multilingual dream-like narrative. Through an audiovisual format consisting of simultaneously running streams, it proposes an intermedial translation of hypertextuality and simultaneity of Finnegans Wake.

Qu’est-ce qu’un texte numérique?—A new rationale for the digital representation of text

AbstractIn this article we aim to provide a minimally sufficient theoretical framework to argue that it is time for a re-conception of the notion of text in the field of digital textual scholarship. This should allow us to reconsider the ontological status of digital text, and that will ground future work discussing the specific analytical affordances offered by digital texts understood as digital texts.

Comparing the intertextuality of multiple authors using Tesserae: A new technique for normalization

AbstractThe influences which shaped Roman literature can be traced through the classical practice of imitatio, wherein ancient writers established their literary credibility by reusing the language of their predecessors. Scholars of imitatio use digital tools like the application provided by the open-source Tesserae project to rapidly identify these moments of intertextual engagement between texts. Recent scholarship leverages the scale of Tesserae search results as a measurement of authorial influence.

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