Articles from Digital Scholarship in the Humanities (formerly LLC)

Comparing the intertextuality of multiple authors using Tesserae: A new technique for normalization

AbstractThe influences which shaped Roman literature can be traced through the classical practice of imitatio, wherein ancient writers established their literary credibility by reusing the language of their predecessors. Scholars of imitatio use digital tools like the application provided by the open-source Tesserae project to rapidly identify these moments of intertextual engagement between texts. Recent scholarship leverages the scale of Tesserae search results as a measurement of authorial influence.

A lexicographical model based on the predicative framework theory (functional grammar) for sense disambiguation. An application to Latin author dictionaries

AbstractThis article presents a model of author dictionary in the field of Latin lexicography. It proposes an organization of the microstructure of its entries following S. C. Dik’s Functionalist Grammar linguistic principles, especially when describing the predicative frameworks. The objective of this article is to provide the user of the lexicon with a suitable tool to disambiguate meanings, thanks to the description of the predicative frameworks and the relationships the different lemmatized units keep.

Issues on multimodal corpus of Chinese speech acts: A case in multimodal pragmatics

AbstractCorpus-based speech act study has become a heated topic in recent pragmatic research. However, most research is based on traditional text corpora, and few multimodal corpora have been utilized so far. To fill this gap, the article discusses the construction of a multimodal corpus of speech acts in Chinese situated discourse. In this toolkit description, scheme design, working definition, annotation evaluation, data representation, and possible usage of such a multimodal corpus are introduced.

Dialogism in the novel: A computational model of the dialogic nature of narration and quotations

AbstractUnderstanding how spoken language is represented in novels over time is a key question in the Digital Humanities. We propose a new metric for characterizing spoken dialogue in the novel, called dialogism, that instantiates Bakhtin’s claim that all texts are fundamentally dialogic. This measurement uses abstract grammatical features in a span of text (such as the use of pronouns, mood, or subordinate clause structure) to measure the extent to which the span is dialogic, i.e. exhibits the grammatical structures common to natural spoken dialogue.

Analyzing and visualizing ancient Maya hieroglyphics using shape: From computer vision to Digital Humanities

AbstractMaya hieroglyphic analysis requires epigraphers to spend a significant amount of time browsing existing catalogs to identify individual glyphs. Automatic Maya glyph analysis provides an efficient way to assist scholars’ daily work. We introduce the Histogram of Orientation Shape Context (HOOSC) shape descriptor to the Digital Humanities community. We discuss key issues for practitioners and study the effect that certain parameters have on the performance of the descriptor.

Non-representational approaches to modeling interpretation in a graphical environment

AbstractThis article presents an epistemological rationale, intellectual justification, and design outline for a non-representational approach to modeling interpretation in a graphical environment. It begins with a brief critical discussion of the representational approaches that are the common form of information visualizations and suggests that the less familiar non-representational approach could be used to augment these existing visualizations by supporting interpretative work that is closer to the practice of humanistic hermeneutic traditions.

Analysing and understanding news consumption patterns by tracking online user behaviour with a multimodal research design

AbstractUnderstanding people’s online behaviour has traditionally been a field of interest of commercial research agencies. However, academic researchers in a variety of fields are interested in the same type of data to gain insights in the Web behaviour of users. Digital Humanities scholars interested in the use of digital collections are, e.g., interested in the navigation paths of users to these collections. In our case we wanted (1) to analyse the way news consumers visit news websites and (2) understand how these websites fit in their daily news consumption patterns.

At the crossroads between the scientific and the literary discourse: Comparison as a figure of dialogism

AbstractThrough the prism of the comparison, this study examines the dialogism characterizing the discourse of French literary critics in the second half of the 19th century. Using an automatic method, a set of comparisons relying on terms belonging to eleven predetermined hard sciences (anatomy, biology, physics, chemistry, botany, zoology, astronomy, surgery, medicine, geology, and mathematics) was extracted in a corpus of 249 French critical texts as well as in novels, philosophical texts, scientific texts, and texts from the social and human sciences.

Measuring syntactical variation in Germanic texts

AbstractWe present two new measures of syntactic distance between languages. First, we present the ‘movement measure’ which measures the average number of words that has moved in sentences of one language compared to the corresponding sentences in another language. Secondly, we introduce the ‘indel measure’ which measures the average number of words being inserted or deleted in sentences of one language compared to the corresponding sentences in another language.