Introduction

What the theory of the Digital Humanities is, what defines them is an open question; their practice is much easier to describe. Few people, if any, when asked to describe that practice, will avoid to point to the annual conference on Digital Humanities organized by the Alliance of Digital Humanities Organizations (ADHO). If the program of a conference dedicated to the Digital Humanities and drawing an audience of over 900 does not describe its field, what would?

Knowledge creation through recommender systems

AbstractThe way materials are archived and organized shapes knowledge production (Derrida, J. Archive Fever: A Freudian Impression. Vancouver: University of Chicago Press, 1996; Foucault, M. L’archéologie du savoir. Paris, France: Éditions Gallimard, 1969; Kramer, M. Going meta on metadata. Journal of Digital Humanities, 3(2), 2014; Hart, T. How do you archive the sky? Archive Journal, 5, 2015; Taylor, D. Save As. e-misférica, 9, 2012).

First We Feel Then We Fall : James Joyce’s Finnegans Wake as an interactive video application

AbstractThe article describes First We Feel Then We Fall, a multichannel, interactive video application, which is a multimedia adaptation of James Joyce’s Finnegans Wake. It offers the viewers a portmanteau-like audiovisual experience resembling the experience of reading Joyce’s enigmatic, multilingual dream-like narrative. Through an audiovisual format consisting of simultaneously running streams, it proposes an intermedial translation of hypertextuality and simultaneity of Finnegans Wake.

Qu’est-ce qu’un texte numérique?—A new rationale for the digital representation of text

AbstractIn this article we aim to provide a minimally sufficient theoretical framework to argue that it is time for a re-conception of the notion of text in the field of digital textual scholarship. This should allow us to reconsider the ontological status of digital text, and that will ground future work discussing the specific analytical affordances offered by digital texts understood as digital texts.

Beauty is Truth: Multi-sensory input and the challenge of designing aesthetically pleasing digital resources

AbstractCertain problems in the design of digital systems for use in cultural heritage and the humanities have proved to be unexpectedly difficult to solve. For example, Why is it difficult to locate ourselves and understand the extent and shape of digital information resources? Why is digital serendipity still so unusual? Why do users persist in making notes on paper rather than using digital annotation systems? Why do we like to visit and work in a library, and browse open stacks, even though we could access digital information remotely?

Comparing the intertextuality of multiple authors using Tesserae: A new technique for normalization

AbstractThe influences which shaped Roman literature can be traced through the classical practice of imitatio, wherein ancient writers established their literary credibility by reusing the language of their predecessors. Scholars of imitatio use digital tools like the application provided by the open-source Tesserae project to rapidly identify these moments of intertextual engagement between texts. Recent scholarship leverages the scale of Tesserae search results as a measurement of authorial influence.

A lexicographical model based on the predicative framework theory (functional grammar) for sense disambiguation. An application to Latin author dictionaries

AbstractThis article presents a model of author dictionary in the field of Latin lexicography. It proposes an organization of the microstructure of its entries following S. C. Dik’s Functionalist Grammar linguistic principles, especially when describing the predicative frameworks. The objective of this article is to provide the user of the lexicon with a suitable tool to disambiguate meanings, thanks to the description of the predicative frameworks and the relationships the different lemmatized units keep.

Issues on multimodal corpus of Chinese speech acts: A case in multimodal pragmatics

AbstractCorpus-based speech act study has become a heated topic in recent pragmatic research. However, most research is based on traditional text corpora, and few multimodal corpora have been utilized so far. To fill this gap, the article discusses the construction of a multimodal corpus of speech acts in Chinese situated discourse. In this toolkit description, scheme design, working definition, annotation evaluation, data representation, and possible usage of such a multimodal corpus are introduced.

Dialogism in the novel: A computational model of the dialogic nature of narration and quotations

AbstractUnderstanding how spoken language is represented in novels over time is a key question in the Digital Humanities. We propose a new metric for characterizing spoken dialogue in the novel, called dialogism, that instantiates Bakhtin’s claim that all texts are fundamentally dialogic. This measurement uses abstract grammatical features in a span of text (such as the use of pronouns, mood, or subordinate clause structure) to measure the extent to which the span is dialogic, i.e. exhibits the grammatical structures common to natural spoken dialogue.

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